A look at the Burgess and Hoyt models, and how each explains the layout of urban settlements.
- The Burgess Model shows a city's development as a series of concentric rings, the innermost being the central business district, the next the inner city, and the outer the suburbs.
- The Hoyt Model proposes that a city develops in sectors, taking account of physical features.
- In the Hoyt Model, industry develops along lines of communication, with low-cost housing located beside industrial areas.
- Different urban land use models apply in developing countries, with businesses and expensive apartments frequently concentrated along main roads out of cities, and impoverished areas occupying poor-quality land on the outskirts.
Urban environments are complex interacting systems, constantly adapting to changes in technology, culture and science.
In order to understand how they evolve we must look at their structure.
The Burgess Model
In 1924, Ernest Burgess devised the very first model explaining the social and economic structure of an urban area. …
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