Urban environments may seem very different from one another – but their underlying structures are often remarkably similar.
- Every urban settlement has a central business district at its core, always situated where main roads meet.
- In most towns and cities the residential districts date back to the industrial revolution, when thousands of houses were built in a grid-like pattern near to factories.
- In the more affluent 'suburban' areas houses are often bigger, with gardens, garages and areas of open space.
- In the rural-urban fringe a transition between town and countryside can be seen as business parks, hotels and airports are often dotted in the green space here.
Almost 180,000 people move into cities each day...
And now, for the first time in human history, the majority of the world's population live in urban settlements.
Urban settlements can be as large as megacities like Tokyo in Japan, with 35 million inhabitants.
Or as small as the ...
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